The Mathematical Institute of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts was founded in 1946 as the first institute of the Academy. At the time of its founding in a country devastated by the war, the Institute had to start practically from zero, but there was a historical background on which to build.

Scientific Results in Mathematical Institute 1946-1961, mathematics-mechanics by Milan P. Čavčić (in Serbian), Matematički institut SANU, 1990